time of the division of the sub-continent in 1947 when the
people of Kashmir smelt the conspiracy of Dogra rulers to
hand over Kashmir to India, they revolted against him and
got liberated some areas. These areas are now known by the
name of Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
Jammu and Kashmir state is located in the northeast of Pakistan.
Total area of the state is 13,297 square kilometers with total
population 2,915,000 as per 1998-census. According to 1999 projections,
total population of Azad Jammu and Kashmir stands at 2,982,000.
Azad Kashmir is stretched in the shape of a crescent; 400 kilometers
in length with width varying from 15 to 60 kilometers. Azad
Kashmir extends from the plains of Mirpur at the northern edge
of the Punjab through the outlying foothills of the Himalayas,
to the mountains in the north at 6,000 meters above sea level.
The state is drained by three major rivers, the Jhelum, the
Neelam and the Poonch whose valleys are very beautiful. The
terrain is mostly rugged and mountainous with 15,000 feet high
mountains in northwest touching the Punjab plains. The area
is criss-crossed with rivers and numerous nullahs.
Jammu and Kashmir is bounded to Pakistan in southwest and in
the east to the Line of Control or (ceasefire line) with occupied
Kashmir. The state is divided into two divisions-Muzaffarabad
and Mirpur, comprising 7 districts consisting of 18 tehsils/sub-divisions.
The territory of Azad Kashmir is dotted with a vast chain of
scenic and natural beauty spots amidst flowing streams, gushing
springs and flowering plants. The mountain tops over the valley
look like circular and rectangular caps. The panorama is really
- Official language of the state is Urdu. Local languages
spoken in the state are Kashmiri, Pahari, Gojri and Hindko
HANDICRAFT - Carpets, Namda, Gubba, Pattu,
Shawl are the notable handicraft prepared in Azad Jammu and
MINERALS - The state is rich in natural resources
such as Gipsum, Lemonite, Mica, Marble, Ruby, Turmaline, Bentonite,
Yello Ocher, Pyrites, Limestone and Dolomite etc.
- Snow leopard, Panther, Leopard, Bob Cat, Throated
Marten, Red Fox, Browen Bearm, Black Bear, Blue Bull, Grey Goral,
Musk Deer, Himalayan Ibex, Pirjpunjal Markhor, Snow Partridge,
Himalayan Snow cock, Chakor Black Partridge, Grey Partridge,
Western Horned Tragapan, Pheasant and Cheer Pheasant.
Area 13297 square kilometers
of Azad Jammu and Kashmir